Processing Rhythm is the issue!

Dyslexia: News from the web:

New research shows that poor reading skills among young children, regardless of whether they have dyslexia or low IQ and poor reading, are related to difficulties with the auditory processing of rhythm, although these difficulties are experienced in different ways.

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The date of your birth is important when you have a learning disability

Dyslexia: News from the web:

The lack of vitamin D in children conceived in winter, makes all the difference according to a new study. If we could solve that seasonal fluctuation we could reduce the number of learning disabilities by 11%.

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Research on animals and humans about dylexia

Dyslexia: News from the web:

Today’s presented research goes in detail about the underlying molecular mechanisms  of dyslexia but an interesting twist in the story is that the differences that they have found between tests with rats, mice and humans may actually point to species specific difference.

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Avoid learning issues, get enough sleep

Dyslexia: News from the web:

If it will prevent Dyslexia I don’t know but here is breaking consensus about how much sleep our children need.

Best quote:

The panel found that sleeping fewer than the recommended hours is associated with attention, behavior and learning problems.

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Seeing words as pictures

Dyslexia: News from the web:

Skilled readers can quickly recognize words when they read because the word has been placed in a visual dictionary of sorts which functions separately from an area that processes the sounds of written words, say neuroscientists. The visual dictionary idea rebuts a common theory that our brain needs to “sound out” words each time we see them.

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Neuro Technology and Dyslexia

Dyslexia: News from the web:

John Donoghue wants to fix your brain.

As director at the Wyss Center, Donoghue works in the field of neurotechnology – brain computer interfaces. While it sounds like the stuff of sci-fi, it’s not as distant a prospect as the idea might suggest. Cochlear implants, helping the deaf hear again, are a relatively common example, but Donoghue’s work goes a lot further.

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What causes the difference between dyslectics?

Dyslexia: News from the web:

Variants in DCDC2 and several other neural migration genes are associated with dyslexia and may contribute to auditory processing deficits. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that RNAi suppression of Dcdc2 in rats causes abnormal cortical responses to sound and impaired speech sound discrimination. In the current study, rats were subjected in utero to RNA interference targeting of the gene Dcdc2 or a scrambled sequence.

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Dyslexia in Babies, detected with MRI

Dyslexia: News from the web:

Nadine Gaab, a researcher at Boston Children’s Hospital and her colleagues used an MRI technique that could isolate particular structures in the brain with children 1 year or younger in kids who had a parent or older sibling with dyslexia, which gives them a 50 percent chance of having dyslexia themselves, the researchers found noticeable differences in the fibers that connect two key language-processing centers of the brain.

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Start intervention for Dyslexia as early as pre-school!

Dyslexia: News from the web:

As early as first grade, dyslexic readers can have much lower reading scores and verbal IQs compared with typical readers, suggesting that earlier intervention is needed to help students from falling behind, according to study recently published in the Journal of Pediatrics.

The researchers — from Yale University and the University of California, Davis — found that the gap between dyslexic and typical readers, which often shows up in elementary school, persisted into adolescence.

The study found that the gap didn’t increase over time, but instead was already present when students were in first grade.

 

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Eary intervention necessary for Dyslexia

Dyslexia: News from the web:

“If the persistent achievement gap between dyslexic and typical readers is to be narrowed, or even closed, reading interventions must be implemented early, when children are still developing the basic foundation for reading acquisition,” said Emilio Ferrer, a UC Davis psychology professor, in a news release.

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Prediction for Dyslexia

Dyslexia: News from the web:

A study claims to have found neuroanatomical markers (differences in cortical thickness) of dyslexia in pre-readers, that predict dyslexia status 5 years ahead.
This would be an extraordinary result, however as pointed out by Kraft et al. (2015), the claim is based on a comparison of only 10 control and 7 dyslexic children, which should give this study insufficient power to detect any decent-size difference.

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Dyslexia in Arabic

Dyslexia: News from the web:

Dr Paterson and a team of co-researchers, including Prof Timothy Jordan, a psychologist at Zayed University in Dubai, have just released findings that help to pinpoint how people see words in Arabic and how reading methods compare with those of English. They analysed how readers fixate, or direct their eyes at, words, studying where along in a word fixation takes place and how long it lasts.

The work is not just of interest to academics, as knowledge of the processes of how the eyes see words in Arabic could help lead to a greater understanding of conditions such as dyslexia, in which people find it difficult to recognise and to spell words.

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A pioneering research on the underlying causes of dyslexia is about to start

Dyslexia: News from the web:

A unique research project on the developmental dyslexia has been launched at the Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology in Warsaw. It is aimed at examining different factors responsible for development of the reading disorder. Children from the first five classes of primary school are encouraged to participate. They will have the chance to play computer games and have fun in a mock scanner.

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